Schemes for Scheduled Tribes
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is implementing Special Area Programmes/ Central Sector/Centrally Sponsored Schemes for the socio-economic development of Scheduled Tribes in the country. The projects for the development of Scheduled Tribes under the schemes/programmes of the Ministry are implemented through the State/UT Governments and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs). Details of the schemes/programmes of the Ministry are as below:
(i) Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Plan for employment-cum-income generation activities.
(ii) Grant under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution of India for promotion of welfare of Scheduled Tribes and upgradation of the levels of administration in Scheduled Areas. A part of grant under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution is used for setting up of Ekalavya Model Residential Schools for providing quality education to ST students (both girls and boys) from class VI to XII.
(iii) Scheme of Strengthening Education among Schedules Tribe (ST) Girls in Low Literacy Districts.
(iv) Scheme of construction of hostels for ST Girls and Boys.
(v) Scheme of Establishment of Ashram Schools in Tribal Sub Plan Areas.
(vi) Vocational Training in Tribal Areas. The Schemes of Vocational Training in Tribal Areas is a self-employment or employment oriented scheme aimed at benefiting ST boys and Girls equally.
(vii) Post-Matric Scholarship for ST students.
(viii) Pre-Matric scholarship for ST Students for class IX-X
(ix) Upgradation of Merit of ST students.
(x) Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for STs.
(xi) Scheme of National Overseas Scholarship for STs.
(xii) Top class Education for ST students.
(xiii) Grants-in aid to Voluntary Organization (under which residential, non-residential schools, computer training centers and knitting, weaving & handloom training centers run by NGOs for ST students are supported, apart from hospitals, mobile dispensaries etc.)
(xiv) This Ministry is also implementing the Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 which seeks to recognize and vest forest rights over forest land in forest dwelling STs and other traditional forest dwellers.
Scheme-wise and State-wise details of fund released and target achieved during the last three year & current year is given in the Annex.
No specific incident of tribals surviving by eating roots of trees and wild weeds/plants have been reported to this Ministry. However, main objective of the schemes/programmes administered by the Government of India and those implemented by State/UT Governments, is their socio-economic development including education. Accordingly, access to education enables them to explore alternative livelihoods. Implementation of the schemes/programmes of the Governments for the upliftment of tribal people is an on-going process.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Tribal Affairs Smt. Ranee Narah in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.
Click here to see Annexure