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Data on Free Trade Agreement with ASEAN

The details of countries with which India has entered into Free Trade Agreement (FTA) on services and investments including countries in the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) region during each of the last three years are given below:-

S. No.

Name of the Agreement

Date of Signing

Date of implementation

1.

India – South Korea Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)

07.08. 2009

01.01.2010

2.

India – Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)

16.02.2011

01.08.2011

3.

India – MalaysiaComprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA)

18.02.2011

01.07. 2011

No FTA has been signed during the current year.  India – ASEAN have concluded negotiations on India-ASEAN Agreement on Trade in Services and Agreement.

The Government is negotiating new FTAs, including expansion / review of some of the existing FTAs, with the countries listed below:-

S. No.

Name of the Agreement and Partner Countries

1.

India – EU Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA)

(Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom)

2.

India Sri Lanka CEPA

3.

India – Thailand CECA

4.

India – Mauritius CECPA

5.

India – EFTA BTIA (Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland)

6.

India – New Zealand FTA/CECA

7.

India Israel FTA

8.

India – Singapore CECA (Second Review)

9.

India Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) (South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and  Namibia)

10.

Indian – MERCOSUR PTA (expansion)

(Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay)

11.

India Chile PTA (expansion)

12.

BIMSTEC CECA  (Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal)

13.

India Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Framework Agreement

(Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and Yemen.)

14.

India Canada  CEPA

15.

India –  Indonesia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA)

16.

India-Australia CECA

Negotiations continue and it is difficult to predict a time-line to conclude the ongoing negotiations.

The details of the total trade carried on with these countries during the said period are annexed.  India and Korea have set a bilateral trade target of US$ 40 billion by 2015.  India and Malaysia have agreed to target a bilateral trade volume of US$15 billion by 2015.   India and Japan has set a bilateral trade target of US$ 25 billion by 2014.

Evaluation of the impact of FTAs is a continuous process which starts even before FTA negotiations are entered into.  Before entering into negotiations with its trading partners, studies are undertaken internally, as well as through the Joint Study Group (JSG) to study the feasibility of the proposed FTAs, including their impact on the domestic industries and agricultural sector. The JSG report, on the basis of which FTA negotiations are launched, is made available on the Departments of Commerce website (http://commerce.gov.in). In order to protect the interest of the domestic industries and agricultural sector, these agreements provide for maintaining sensitive/negative lists of items on which limited or no tariff concessions are granted under the FTA.  In addition, in case of a surge in imports and injury to the domestic industry, a country is allowed to take recourse to measures such as anti-dumping and safeguards.  Every FTA has a Joint Review Mechanism to monitor the implementation of the FTA.  For example, currently Second Review of India-Singapore CECA is underway.   The CEPA with South Korea has come into force on 01.01.2010 while CEPA with Japan and CECA with Malaysia have come into force only on 1st July, 2011 and 01.08.2011 respectively.

Annexure

Details of the total trade carried on with ASEAN countries, Japan and South Korea during 2009-10 to 2012-13 (Apr-Sep)

(Value in US$ Million)

 

Country

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13 (Apr-Sep)

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

1.

Brunei

24.44

428.65

23.07

234.17

895.49

751.68

16.82

283.70

2.

Cambodia

45.54

5.05

66.94

8.01

99.45

7.62

54.10

5.75

3.

Indonesia

3,063.36

8,656.66

5,700.78

9,918.63

6,677.99

14,623.55

2,369.41

6,944.86

4.

Lao PDR

16.93

20.05

13.11

0.22

14.97

89.53

5.72

78.19

5.

Malaysia

2,835.41

5,176.78

3,871.17

6,523.58

3,980.36

9,557.85

1,749.74

5,326.53

6.

Myanmar

207.97

1,289.80

320.62

1,017.67

545.38

1,324.82

196.77

729.09

7.

Philippines

748.77

313.07

881.10

429.39

992.91

455.63

571.70

250.19

8.

Singapore

7,592.17

6,454.57

9,825.44

7,139.31

16,857.71

8,600.29

6,652.23

3,545.08

9.

Thailand

1,740.16

2,931.52

2,274.21

4,272.09

2,961.01

5,383.60

1,546.43

2,705.07

10.

Vietnam

1,838.95

521.81

2,651.44

1,064.90

3,719.09

1,733.45

1,506.46

922.45

Total

18,113.71

25,797.96

25,627.89

30,607.97

36,744.36

42,528.02

14669.38

20790.91

 

11.

Japan

3,629.54

6,734.18

5,091.24

8,632.03

6,328.54

12,100.57

2,618.49

6,062.56

12.

South Korea

3,421.05

8,576.07

3,727.29

10,475.29

4,352.35

13,098.93

1,957.62

6,147.66

 

Source: DOC-NIC

This information was given by the Minister of State of Commerce & Industry, Dr. D. Purandeswari in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

             

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