Share application money is not loan or advance

Ratio Decidendi: Money paid in advance for Share application cannot be treated as loan or advance or Deemed Dividend as under Section 2(22)(e) of the IT Act.

CLR Editorial Note: The assessee was a beneficial shareholder of two companies named Kingston Properties P Ltd. (KPPL), New Dimensions Consultants P Ltd (NDCPL) & R. S. Estate Developers P Ltd (RSEDPL). NDCPL & RESEDPL advanced various sums of money to KPPL towards share application money. However, some of the advances were returned by KPPL while some were adjusted towards allotment of shares.

The Assessing Officer held that the transaction was a colourable device and a loan and advance which fell within the ambit of section 2(22)(e). The said loan and advance was hence assessed as deemed dividend in the hands of the assessee, who was in fact the beneficial shareholder, following an order given in the case of Universal Medicare 324 ITR 264 (Bom).

The CIT(A) however, reversed the Assessing Officer. The department appealed to the Tribunal which dismissed the appeal and held:

“Share application money or share application advance is distinct from ˜loan or advance™. Although share application money is one kind of advance given with the intention to obtain the allotment of shares/equity/preference shares etc, such advances are innately different form the normal loan or advances specified both in section 269SS or 2(22)(e) of the Act. Unless the mala fide is demonstrated by the AO with evidence, the book entries or resolution of the Board of the assessee become relevant and credible, which should not be dismissed without bringing any adverse material to demonstrate the contrary. It is also evident that share application money when partly returned without any allotment of shares, such refunds should not be classified as ˜loan or advance™ merely because share application advance is returned without allotment of share. In the instant case, the refund of the amount was done for commercial reasons and also in the best interest of the prospective share applicant. Further, it is self explanatory that the assessee being a ˜beneficial share holder™, derives no benefit whatsoever, when the impugned ˜share application money/advance™ is finally returned without any allotment of shares for commercial reasons. In this kind of situations, the books entries become really relevant as they show the initial intentions of the parties into the transactions. It is undisputed that the books entries suggest clearly the ˜share application™ nature of the advance and not the ˜loan or advance™. As such the revenue has merely suspected the transactions without containing any material to support the suspicion. Therefore, the share application money may be an advance but they are not advances which are referred to in section 2(22)(e) of the Act. Such advances, when returned without any allotment or part allotment of shares to the applicant/subscriber, will not take a nature of the loan merely because the same is repaid or returned or refunded in the same year or later years after keeping the money for some time with the company. So long as the original intention of payment of share application money is towards the allotment of shares of any kind, the same cannot be deemed as ˜loan or advance™ unless the mala fide intentions are exposed by the AO with evidence.”


The Full Case Document is available for download


Main Case File :

  • Case File – DCIT vs. Vikas Oberoi (ITAT Mumbai) – Deemed Dividend

Tags: Advance paymentAllotmentsCITCommonwealth Law ReportsDividendFull Case DocumentGardensITAT MumbaiMumbaiOrder of Australia

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