Ease of Doing Business
India’s rank in the Doing Business Report 2015 was 142 among 189 countries, which improved to 130 in the Doing Business Report, 2016. Government of India has emphasized on the importance of ‘Ease of Doing Business’ and it is a major pillar of ‘Make in India’ initiative. It is working extensively on improving India’s rank in the World Bank Group’s Doing Business Study.
ACHIEVEMENTS IN DELHI AND MUMBAI
Unified building Bye-laws has been notified.
Online registration of Value Added Tax (VAT) with real-time Tax Identification Number (TIN) allotment has been introduced.
Delhi VAT Sewa App has been developed whereby permanent business registration is done without need for field verification by VAT inspector. This step has eliminated instances of corruption and irregularities during field verification.
Commercial divisions and appellate divisions in Delhi High Court have been established.
Municipal Corporations have introduced fast track approval system for building permits with features such as:
I. Common application form
II. Use of digital signature for filing application and issue of permits
III. Online transfer of application and receipt of NOC
IV. Online system has been integrated with Airport Authority of India (AAI), Delhi Urban Arts Commission (DUAC), Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) & National Monument Authority (NMA).
Requirement of inspection has been removed to make registration of Shops and Establishments real-time.
Commercial divisions and appellate divisions have been established in Bombay High Court.
VAT and Profession tax registration has been integrated into a single process
Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) has introduced fast track approval system for building permits with features such as:
I. Common application form
II. Online transfer of application and receipt of NOC
III. Online system has been integrated with AAI & NMA.
Brihanmumbai Electricity Supply and Transport (BEST) has improved its System Average Interruption Duration Index (SAIDI) by 3% and its System Average Interruption Frequency Index (SAIFI) by 11% in the period June, 2015-March, 2106.
Permission for removal of Trees has been integrated with the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) single window application system.
Site inspection for construction permits has been minimized by way of selfcertification and introducing third party certification. During construction, submission of video clips by architects has been introduced in online Auto DCR system.
VAT Registration Certificate is issued within 1 working day (24 hours).
AutoCAD based software to scrutinize building plans has been implemented.
MCGM has implemented a risk based assessment framework with risk parameters in order to enable fast track approval for buildings.
Cost and time for obtaining construction permit has been reduced by 79.6% and 132 days respectively.
Property Tax can be paid through mobile app, which can be downloaded from apps.mgov.gov.in.
The Doing Business Report Ranks a Country on 10 Parameters Reforms Under Each of These Are as Follows:
STARTING A BUSINESS
Registration with ESIC and EPFO has been made real-time by eliminating all physical touch-points.
The requirement of opening a bank account has been removed as a mandatory condition for registration with ESIC and EPFO.
The system of issuing PAN and TAN has been put in place together within T+1 days on an application using digital signature on the ebiz platform. PAN and TAN numbers are issued on CBDT’s portal within T+3 days.
Maharashtra state has combined the process of registration with VAT and Profession Tax. The registration will now be granted in 24 hours and the same has been adopted by Delhi VAT.
Form INC 29 has been launched by Ministry of Corporate Affairs to avail 3 pre-registration services viz. ‘Name Availability’, ‘Director Identification Number’ and ‘incorporation of company’ with one form and one payment.
No Environment clearance is required for 36 white industries.
Mine prospecting projects have been exempted from the requirement of compensatory afforestation and Forest Rights Act (FRA) certificate for grant of forest clearance.
No site inspection is required for mine prospecting projects on forestland for less than 100 ha. for construction of new roads/drilling of bore hole/ sample collection pits.
Industrial sheds and educational institutions have been exempted from Environmental Clearance (EC).
Validity of Environment Clearance has been increased from 5 years to 7 years.
Online submission of applications for environment/forest/wildlife clearances has been put in place for transparent and expeditious decision-making.
District Environment Impact Assessment authority has been constituted to grant EC for mining of minor minerals for 5 ha. of individual lease and 25 ha. in a cluster.
Regional empowered committees at sub national level have been delegated higher powers to dispose of proposals for Forest Clearance
a) Involving diversion of 5 to 40 hectares of forest land and
b) All proposals involving diversion of forestland for linear projects irrespective of area of forest land involved.
The competent authorities in the state government have been delegated powers to issue permission for tree felling and commencement of work for a period of one year of linear projects without waiting for final approval under the Forest Conservation Act.
EIA notification, 2006 has been amended delegating higher powers to State Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA) in respect of projects (category B) which require clearance from SEIAA.
Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) has completed the process of single window approval by integrating with internal departments as well as, AAI and NMA through a common application form.
NoCs from Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC), Director of Industries, Collector and Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Authority (MHADA) have been eliminated.
MCGM has introduced digital signing of building permit application, as well as maps, thereby eliminating need of physical submission of documents. The manual application for grant of construction permits has been discontinued.
Municipal Corporations of Delhi has completed the process of single window approval by integrating with internal departments as well as DMRC, Delhi Fire Services, DUAC, AAI and NMA through a common application form.
NOC from Labour Department of Delhi Government is not required if no manufacturing activity is undertaken in the building.
MCD has introduced digital signing of building permit application, as well as maps, thereby eliminating the need of physical submission of documents. Manual submission of application for grant of construction permits has been done away with.
Ministry of Urban Development and Delhi Development Authority (DDA) have notified the Unified Building Bye-laws.
Colour coded maps have been developed by AAI, NMA, DUAC and DMRC to enable applicants to determine whether NOC is required for the land for which permission is applied for.
AAI, NMA, DUAC, DMRC, Delhi Fire service, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) and Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation (MMRC) have created their own online application systems for receiving and issuing NOC/approval. Their requirements have also been integrated in the common application form developed by South Delhi Municipal Corporation/MCGM.
Maharashtra and Delhi have implemented lump-sum charges for electric connection thereby removing the need of an estimate and.
Online application for connections above 100KVA mandatory in Maharashtra and Delhi.
Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission (DERC) has rationalized LT and HT tariff thereby allowing LT connections upto 150KVA.
DERC has revised the application format of Delhi Electric Supply Code and Performance Standards Regulations, 2007 for faster release of electricity connection. The distribution licensees have been directed to process applications in the revised format along with the declaration form. Following are the two documents required for getting electricity connection:
1. Identity proof
2. Proof of ownership/ occupancy of premises.
NOC/Consent to Establish is not required for getting industrial electricity connection for setting up new industries and projects.
TRADING ACROSS BORDERS
Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) has implemented Single Window Interface for Facilitating Trade (SWIFT) (online single window for clearance of goods) on the ICEGATE portal by integrating FSSAI, Animal Quarantine, Plant Quarantine, Drug Controller and Wildlife Control Bureau for imports.
Online message exchange system under single window between Customs’ ICEGATE and Plant Quarantine Information System (PQIS) has been implemented for import clearances of agricultural commodities.
Customs’ risk management system has been extended to other regulatory agencies to ensure risk- based inspection.
168 low phytosanitary risk agricultural commodities listed under schedule VII of the PQ order, 2003 have been identified for 5% random inspection.
Mandatory testing of imports from countries where azo dye has not been banned has been reduced to 25%.
The limit on the number of consignments released under direct delivery has been removed facilitating prompt delivery of goods.
Terminal handling receipts have been eliminated from Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal, Gateway Terminals India and Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal by web based e-form 13.
Filing of import and export declarations and manifests has been made online with digital signature.
An electronic messaging system between Shipping lines and Custodians for electronic delivery order has been introduced.
Customs’ Clearance Facilitation Committee has been set up at every major customs seaport and airport at Central level.
The system of physical control and locking of public and private warehouses by Customs has been dispensed with and replaced by record based controls.
24×7 customs clearance facilities have been extended to 19 seaports and 17 air cargo complexes.
Documents required for export and import has been reduced to three.
The Arbitration and Conciliation Act has been amended to reduce the time taken in arbitration proceedings and grounds on which an award may be challenged.
Commercial Appellate Division Bench and Commercial Division Benches are functioning in Bombay High Court and Delhi High Court.
DIGITIZATION PROCESS FOR REGISTERING PROPERTY
In Delhi, all sub-registrar offices have been digitized and Sub-registrar’s records have been integrated with the Land Records Department.
In Maharashtra, all property tax records have been digitized.
SARFAESI (Central Registry) Rules, 2011 has been amended to record security interest created on all types of property viz. movable, immovable as well as intangible.
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code Bill has been passed in the Parliament.
eBIZ PLATFORM (ONLINE SINGLE WINDOW)
One-stop access for Investors to know more about Investment opportunities and information on number of licenses/approvals required from Government agencies.
User-friendly features such as Payments through netbanking, credit & debit cards, status tracking, SMS alerts and Help-desk support enabled.
Single face of Government – Composite Application Form and one-time payment designed for obtaining approvals from multiple Ministries/Departments viz., Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Central Board of Direct Taxes, Ministry of Labour & Employment including Employees’ State Insurance Corporation & Employees Provident Fund Organization.
Elimination of multiple visits to different agencies. Investor can apply for 20 Central Government services; 14 Andhra Pradesh, 14 Odisha and 2 Delhi state Government services have been integrated with eBiz IT platform as detailed below.