Section 109 of Companies Act, 2013 – Demand for Poll

  • Updated Till : December 03, 2022


[Effective from 1st April, 2014]


Section 109 shall apply to a private company unless otherwise specified in respective sections or the articles of the company provide otherwise, vide Notification No. 464(E) dated 5th June, 2015.

The above mentioned exception shall be applicable to a private company which has not committed a default in filing its financial statements under section 137 of the said Act or annual return under section 92 of the said Act with the Registrar, vide amendment notification F. No. 1/1/2014- CL-V dated 13th June 2017. 

Section 109 shall apply in case of a Specified IFSC public company, unless otherwise specified in the articles of the company, vide Notification no. G.S.R. 08(E).dated 04th January, 2017.

(1) Before or on the declaration of the result of the voting on any resolution on show of hands, a poll may be ordered to be taken by the Chairman of the meeting on his own motion, and shall be ordered to be taken by him on a demand made in that behalf,—

(a) in the case a company having a share capital, by the members present in person or by proxy, where allowed, and having not less than one-tenth of the total voting power or holding shares on which an aggregate sum of not less than five lakh rupees or such higher amount as may be prescribed has been paid-up; and

(b) in the case of any other company, by any member or members present in person or by proxy, where allowed, and having not less than one-tenth of the total voting power.

(2) The demand for a poll may be withdrawn at any time by the persons who made the demand.

(3) A poll demanded for adjournment of the meeting or appointment of Chairman of the meeting shall be taken forthwith.

(4) A poll demanded on any question other than adjournment of the meeting or appointment of Chairman shall be taken at such time, not being later than forty-eight hours from the time when the demand was made, as the Chairman of the meeting may direct.

(5) Where a poll is to be taken, the Chairman of the meeting shall appoint such number of persons, as he deems necessary, to scrutinise the poll process and votes given on the poll and to report thereon to him in the manner as may be prescribed.

(6) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Chairman of the meeting shall have power to regulate the manner in which the poll shall be taken.

(7) The result of the poll shall be deemed to be the decision of the meeting on the resolution on which the poll was taken.

Applicable Rules

Companies (Management and Administration) Rules, 2014

[Effective from 1st April, 2014]

Rule 21. Manner in which the Chairman of meeting shall get the poll process scrutinised and report thereon.—(1) The Chairman of a meeting shall ensure that—

(a) The Scrutinizers are provided with the Register of Members, specimen signatures of the members, Attendance Register and Register of Proxies.

(b) The Scrutinizers are provided with all the documents received by the Company pursuant to sections 105, 112 and section 113.

(c) The Scrutinizers shall arrange for Polling papers and distribute them to the members and proxies present at the meeting; in case of joint shareholders, the polling paper shall be given to the first named holder or in his absence to the joint holder attending the meeting as appearing in the chronological order in the folio and the Polling paper shall be in Form No. MGT.12.

(d) The Scrutinizers shall keep a record of the polling papers received in response to poll, by initialing it.

(e) The Scrutinizers shall lock and seal an empty polling box in the presence of the members and proxies.

(f) The Scrutinizers shall open the Polling box in the presence of two persons as witnesses after the voting process is over.

(g) In case of ambiguity about the validity of a proxy, the Scrutinizers shall decide the validity in consultation with the Chairman.

(h) The Scrutinizers shall ensure that if a member who has appointed a proxy has voted in person, the proxy’s vote shall be disregarded.

(i) The Scrutinizers shall count the votes cast on poll and prepare a report thereon addressed to the Chairman.

(j) Where voting is conducted by electronic means under the provisions of section 108 and rules made thereunder, the company shall provide all the necessary support, technical and otherwise, to the Scrutinizers in orderly conduct of the voting and counting the result thereof.

(k) The Scrutinizers’ report shall state total votes cast, valid votes, votes in favour and against the resolution including the details of invalid polling papers and votes comprised therein.

(l) The Scrutinizers shall submit the Report to the Chairman who shall counter-sign the same.

(m) The Chairman shall declare the result of Voting on poll. The result may either be announced by him or a person authorized by him in writing.

(2) The scrutinizers appointed for the poll, shall submit a report to the Chairman of the meeting in Form No. MGT.13 and the report shall be signed by the scrutinizer and, in case there is more than one scrutinizer by all the scrutinizer, and the same shall be submitted by them to the Chairman of the meeting within seven days from the date the poll is taken.

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