Section 13 of Companies Act, 2013 – Alteration of Memorandum

  • Updated Till : January 17, 2017

SECTION 13. ALTERATION OF MEMORANDUM

[Effective from 1st April, 2014]

(1) Save as provided in section 61, a company may, by a special resolution and after complying with the procedure specified in this section, alter the provisions of its memorandum.

(2) Any change in the name of a company shall be subject to the provisions of sub-sections (2) and (3) of section 4 and shall not have effect except with the approval of the [Central Government][1] in writing:

Provided that no such approval shall be necessary where the only change in the name of the company is the deletion therefrom, or addition thereto, of the word Private”, consequent on the conversion of any one class of companies to another class in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

(3) When any change in the name of a company is made under sub-section (2), the Registrar shall enter the new name in the register of companies in place of the old name and issue a fresh certificate of incorporation with the new name and the change in the name shall be complete and effective only on the issue of such a certificate.

(4) The alteration of the memorandum relating to the place of the registered office from one State to another shall not have any effect unless it is approved by the [Central Government][2] on an application in such form and manner as may be prescribed.

(5) The [Central Government][3] shall dispose of the application under sub-section (4) within a period of sixty days and before passing its order may satisfy itself that the alteration has the consent of the creditors, debenture-holders and other persons concerned with the company or that the sufficient provision has been made by the company either for the due discharge of all its debts and obligations or that adequate security has been provided for such discharge.

(6) Save as provided in section 64, a company shall, in relation to any alteration of its memorandum, file with the Registrar—

(a) the special resolution passed by the company under sub-section (1);

(b) the approval of the Central Government under sub-section (2), if the alteration involves any change in the name of the company.

(7) Where an alteration of the memorandum results in the transfer of the registered office of a company from one State to another, a certified copy of the order of the Central Government approving the alteration shall be filed by the company with the Registrar of each of the States within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed, who shall register the same, and the Registrar of the State where the registered office is being shifted to, shall issue a fresh certificate of incorporation indicating the alteration.

(8) A company, which has raised money from public through prospectus and still has any unutilised amount out of the money so raised, shall not change its objects for which it raised the money through prospectus unless a special resolution is passed by the company and—

(i) the details, as may be prescribed, in respect of such resolution shall also be published in the newspapers (one in English and one in vernacular language) which is in circulation at the place where the registered office of the company is situated and shall also be placed on the website of the company, if any, indicating therein the justification for such change;

(ii) the dissenting shareholders shall be given an opportunity to exit by the promoters and shareholders having control in accordance with regulations to be specified by the Securities and Exchange Board.

(9) The Registrar shall register any alteration of the memorandum with respect to the objects of the company and certify the registration within a period of thirty days from the date of filing of the special resolution in accordance with clause (a) of sub-section (6) of this section.

(10) No alteration made under this section shall have any effect until it has been registered in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(11) Any alteration of the memorandum, in the case of a company limited by guarantee and not having a share capital, purporting to give any person a right to participate in the divisible profits of the company otherwise than as a member, shall be void.

Applicable Rules

Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014

[Effective from 1st April, 2014]

Rule 9. Reservation of name.—An application for the reservation of a name shall be made in Form No. INC.1 along with the fee as provided in the Companies (Registration offices and fees) Rules, 2014.

Rule 29. Alteration of Memorandum by change of name.— [(1) The change of name shall not be allowed to a company which has not filed annual returns or financial statements due for filing with the Registrar or which has failed to pay or repay matured deposits or debentures or interest thereon:

Provided that the change of name shall be allowed upon filing necessary documents or payment or repayment of matured deposits or debentures or interest thereon as the case may be.][4]

(2) An application shall be filed in Form No. INC.24 along with the fee for change in the name of the company and a new certificate of incorporation in Form No. INC.25 shall be issued to the company consequent upon change of name.

Rule 30. Shifting of registered office from one State or Union territory to another State.—(1) An application under sub-section (4) of section 13, for the purpose of seeking approval for alteration of memorandum with regard to the change of place of the registered office from one State Government or Union territory to another, shall be filed with the Central Government in Form No. INC.23 along with the fee and shall be accompanied by the following documents, namely:—

(a) a copy of the memorandum and articles of association;

(b) a copy of the notice convening the general meeting along with relevant Explanatory Statement;

(c) a copy of the special resolution sanctioning the alteration by the members of the company;

(d) a copy of the minutes of the general meeting at which the resolution authorizing such alteration was passed, giving details of the number of votes cast in favor or against the resolution;

(e) an affidavit verifying the application;

(f) the list of creditors and debenture holders entitled to object to the application;

(g) an affidavit verifying the list of creditors;

(h) the document relating to payment of application fee;

(i) a copy of board resolution or Power of Attorney or the executed vakalatnama as the case may be.

[(j) a copy of the No Objection Certificate from the Reserve Bank of India where the applicant is a registered Non-Banking Financial Company.][5]

(2) There shall be attached to the application, a list of creditors and debenture holders, drawn up to the latest practicable date preceding the date of filing of application by not more than one month, setting forth the following details, namely:—

(a) the names and address of every creditor and debenture holder of the company;

(b) the nature and respective amounts due to them in respect of debts, claims or liabilities:

Provided that the applicant company shall file an affidavit, signed by the Company Secretary of the company, if any and not less than two directors of the company, one of whom shall be a managing director, where there is one, to the effect that they have made a full enquiry into the affairs of the company and, having done so, have formed an opinion that the list of creditors is correct, and that the estimated value as given in the list of the debts or claims payable on a contingency or not ascertained are proper estimates of the values of such debts and claims and that there are no other debts of or claims against the company to their knowledge.

(3) There shall also be attached to the application an affidavit from the directors of the company that no employee shall be retrenched as a consequence of shifting of the registered office from one state to another state and also there shall be an application filed by the company to the Chief Secretary of the concerned State Government or the Union territory.

(4) A duly authenticated copy of the list of creditors shall be kept at the registered office of the company and any person desirous of inspecting the same may, at any time during the ordinary hours of business, inspect and take extracts from the same on payment of a sum not exceeding ten rupees per page to the company.

(5) There shall also be attached to the application a copy of the acknowledgment of service of a copy of the application with complete annexures to the Registrar and Chief Secretary of the State Government or Union territory where the registered office is situated at the time of filing the application.

(6) The company shall at least fourteen days before the date of hearing—

(a) advertise the application in the Form No. INC.26 in a vernacular newspaper in the principal vernacular language in the district in which the registered office of the company is situated, and at least once in English language in an English newspaper circulating in that district;

(b) serve, by registered post with acknowledgement due, individual notice(s), to the effect set out in clause (a) on each debenture-holder and creditor of the company; and

(c) serve, by registered post with acknowledgement due, a notice together with the copy of the application to the Registrar [***][6] and to the regulatory body, if the company is regulated under any special Act or law for the time being in force.

(7) Where any objection of any person whose interest is likely to be affected by the proposed application has been received by the applicant, it shall serve a copy thereof to the Central Government on or before the date of hearing.

(8) Where no objection has been received from any of the parties, who have been duly served, the application may be put up for orders without hearing.

(9) Before confirming the alteration, the Central Government shall ensure that, with respect to every creditor and debenture holder who, in the opinion of the Central government, is entitled to object to the alteration, and who signifies his objection in the manner directed by the Central government, either his consent to the alteration has been obtained or his debt or claim has been discharged or has determined, or has been secured to the satisfaction of the Central Government.

(10) The Central Government may make an order confirming the alteration on such terms and conditions, if any, as it thinks fit, and may make such order as to costs as it thinks proper:

Provided that the shifting of registered office shall not be allowed if any inquiry, inspection or investigation has been initiated against the company or any prosecution is pending against the company under the Act.

[Explanation.- On completion of such inquiry, inspection or investigation as a consequence of which no prosecution is envisaged or no prosecution is pending, shifting of registered office shall be allowed.][7]

Rule 31. Filing of order of the Central Government for shifting of registered office.—The certified copy of the order of the Central Government, approving the alteration of the memorandum for transfer of registered office of the company from one State to another, shall be filed in Form No. INC.28 along with the fee as with the Registrar of the State within thirty days from the date of receipt of certified copy of the order.

Rule 32. Change of objects for which money is raised through prospectus.— (1) Where the company has raised money from public through prospectus and has any unutilised amount out of the money so raised, it shall not change the objects for which the money so raised is to be applied unless a special resolution is passed through postal ballot and the notice in respect of the resolution for altering the objects shall contain the following particulars, namely:—

(a) the total money received;

(b) the total money utilized for the objects stated in the prospectus;

(c) the unutilized amount out of the money so raised through prospectus,

(d) the particulars of the proposed alteration or change in the objects;

(e) the justification for the alteration or change in the objects;

(f) the amount proposed to be utilised for the new objects;

(g) the estimated financial impact of the proposed alteration on the earnings and cash flow of the company;

(h) the other relevant information which is necessary for the members to take an informed decision on the proposed resolution;

(i) the place from where any interested person may obtain a copy of the notice of resolution to be passed.

(2) The advertisement giving details of each resolution to be passed for change in objects which shall be published simultaneously with the dispatch of postal ballot notices to shareholders.

(3) The notice shall also be placed on the website of the company, if any.

[1] Powers of Central Government delegated to Registrar of Companies vide Notification No. S.O.1353(E) dated 21st May, 2014

[2] Powers of Central Government delegated to Regional Director vide Notification No. No. S.O. 4090(E) dated 19th December, 2016.

[3] Powers of Central Government delegated to Regional Director vide Notification No. No. S.O. 4090(E) dated 19th December, 2016.

[4] Substituted by the Companies (Incorporation) Third Amendment Rules 2016 vide Notification 743(E) dated 27th July 2016. Prior to substitution it read as under:

“(1) The change of name shall not be allowed to a company which has defaulted in filing its annual returns or financial statements or any document due for filing with the Registrar or which has defaulted in repayment of matured deposits or debentures or interest on deposits or debentures.”

[5] Inserted by the Companies (Incorporation) Third Amendment Rules 2016 vide Notification 743(E) dated 27th July 2016.

[6] Omitted words “and to the Securities and Exchange Board of India, in the case of listed companies” by the Companies (Incorporation) Third Amendment Rules 2016 vide Notification 743(E) dated 27th July 2016.

[7] Inserted by the Companies (Incorporation) Third Amendment Rules 2016 vide Notification 743(E) dated 27th July 2016.

 

Recent Articles

Recent Legal updates