Section 18 of Companies Act, 2013 – Conversion of Companies Already Registered

  • Updated Till : September 18, 2017

SECTION 18. CONVERSION OF COMPANIES ALREADY REGISTERED

[Effective from 1st April, 2014]

(1) A company of any class registered under this Act may convert itself as a company of other class under this Act by alteration of memorandum and articles of the company in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter.

(2) Where the conversion is required to be done under this section, the Registrar shall on an application made by the company, after satisfying himself that the provisions of this Chapter applicable for registration of companies have been complied with, close the former registration of the company and after registering the documents referred to in sub-section (1), issue a certificate of incorporation in the same manner as its first registration.

(3) The registration of a company under this section shall not affect any debts, liabilities, obligations or contracts incurred or entered into, by or on behalf of the company before conversion and such debts, liabilities, obligations and contracts may be enforced in the manner as if such registration had not been done.

Applicable Rules

Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014

[Effective from 1st April, 2014]

Rule 7. Conversion of private company into One Person Company.—(1) A private company other than a company registered under section 8 of the Act [having paid up share capital of fifty lakhs rupees or less and average annual turnover during the relevant period][1] is two crore rupees or less may convert itself into one person company by passing a special resolution in the general meeting.

(2) Before passing such resolution, the company shall obtain No objection in writing from members and creditors.

(3) The one person company shall file copy of the special resolution with the Registrar of Companies within thirty days from the date of passing such resolution in Form No. MGT. 14.

(4) The company shall file an application in Form No. INC.6 for its conversion into One Person Company along with fees as provided in in the Companies (Registration offices and fees) Rules, 2014, by attaching the following documents, namely:—

(i) The directors of the company shall give a declaration by way of affidavit duly sworn in confirming that all members and creditors of the company have given their consent for conversion, the paid up share capital company is fifty lakhs rupees or less or average annual turnover is less than two crores rupees, as the case may be;

(ii) the list of members and list of creditors;

(iii) the latest Audited Balance Sheet and the Profit and Loss Account; and

(iv) the copy of No Objection letter of secured creditors.

(5) On being satisfied and complied with requirements stated herein the Registrar shall issue the Certificate.

[Rule 37. Conversion of unlimited liability company into a limited Liability company by shares or guarantee.- (1) Without prejudice to any other provision in the Companies Act for effecting the conversion of an unlimited
liability company with or without share capital into limited liability company by shares or guarantee, such a company shall pass a special resolution in a general meeting and thereafter, an application shall be filed in Form No. INC-27 in the manner provided in sub-rules (2) and (3).

(2)The Company shall within seven days from the date of passing of the special resolution in a general meeting, publish a notice, in Form No. INC-27A of such proposed conversion in two newspapers (one in English and one in vernacular language) in the district in which the registered office of the company is situate and shall also place the same on the website of the Company, if any, indicating clearly the proposal of conversion of the company into a company limited by shares or guarantee, and seeking objections if any, from the persons interested in its affairs to such conversion and cause a copy of such notice to be dispatched to its creditors and debentures holders made as on the date of notice of the general meeting by registered post or by speed post or through courier with proof of dispatch. The notice shall also state that the objections, if any, may be intimated to the Registrar and to the company within twenty-one days of the date of publication of the notice, duly indicating nature of interest and grounds of opposition.

(3)The Company shall within forty five days of passing of the special resolution file an application as prescribed in sub rule (1) for its conversion into a company limited by shares or guarantee alongwith the fees as provided in the Companies (Registration offices and Fees) Rules, 2014, by attaching the following documents, namely:-

a. notice of the general meeting along with explanatory statement;

b. copy of the resolution passed in the general meeting;
c. copy of the newspaper publication;
a copy of altered Memorandum of Association as well as Articles of Association duly certified by any one of the Directors duly authorised in this behalf or Company Secretary of the Company, if any.

e. declaration signed by not less two Directors of the Company, including Managing Director, if any, that such conversion shall not affect any debts, liabilities, obligations or contracts incurred or entered into by or on behalf of the Company before conversion (except to the extent that the liability of the members shall become limited).

f. a complete list of creditors and debenture holders, to whom individual notices have been sent under sub-rule (2) setting forth the following details, namely:-

(i) the names and address of every creditor and debenture holder of the Company;
(ii) the nature and respective amounts due to them in respect of debts, claims or liabilities:
(iii) declaration by a Director of the Company that notice as required under sub-rule (2) has been dispatched to all the creditors and debenture holders with proof of dispatch.
 

g. a declaration signed by not less than two Directors of the Company, one of whom shall be a Managing Director where there is one, to the effect that they have made a full enquiry into the affairs of the Company and, having done so, have formed an opinion that the list of creditors is correct, and that the estimated value as given in the list of the debts or claims payable on a contingency are proper estimates of the values of such debts and claims and that there are no other debts or claims against the company to their knowledge.

h. a declaration of solvency signed by at least two Directors of the Company, one of whom shall be the Managing Director, where there is one to the effect that the Board of Directors of the Company have made a full inquiry into the affairs of the company, as a result of which they have formed an opinion that it is capable of meeting its liabilities and will not be rendered insolvent within a period of one year from the date of declaration, through a resolution, passed in a duly convened meeting or by circulation.

i. The company shall also obtain a certificate from the Auditors that the company is solvent and that it is a going concern as on the date of passing of resolution by the Board certifying solvency as per clause (h) above.

j. No Objection Certificate from sectoral regulator, if applicable.

k. No Objection Certificate from all secured creditors, if any.

(4) Declaration signed by not less than two Directors including Managing Director, where there is one, that no complaints are pending against the company from the members or investors and no inquiry, inspection or investigation is pending against the company or its Directors or officers.

(5) The Registrar shall, after considering the application and objections if any, received by the Registrar and after ensuring that the company has satisfactorily addressed the objections received by the company, suitably decide whether the approval for conversion should or should not be granted.

(6)The certificate of incorporation consequent to conversion of unlimited liability company to into a company limited by shares or guarantee be in Form INC-11A issued to the company upon grant of approval for conversion.

(7)Conditions to be complied with, subsequent to conversion.-
(1) Company shall not change its name for a period of one year from the date of such conversion.
(2) The company shall not declare or distribute any dividend without satisfying past debts, liabilities, obligations or contracts incurred or entered into before conversion.
Explanation: For the purpose of this clause, past debts, liabilities, obligations or contracts does not include secured debts due to banks and financial institutions.

(8) An Unlimited Liability Company shall not be eligible for conversion into a company limited by shares or guarantee in case-
(a) its networth is negative, or
(b) an application is pending under the provisions of the Companies Act 1956 or the Companies Act, 2013 for striking off its name, or
(c) the company is in default of any of its Annual Returns or financial statements under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 or the Companies 4ct,2013, or
(d) a petition for winding up is pending against the company, or
(e) the company has not received amount due on calls in arrears, from its directors, for a period of not less than six months from the due date; or
(f) an inquiry, inspection or investigation is pending against the company.

(9) The Registrar of Companies shall take a decision on the application filed under these rules within thirty days from the date of receipt of application complete in all respects.][2]

[3] [Rule 39. Conversion of a company limited by guarantee into a company limited by shares (1) A company other than a company registered under section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956 or section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013 may convert itself into a company limited by shares.

(2) The company seeking conversion shall have a share capital equivalent to the guarantee amount.

(3) A special resolution is passed by its members authorising such a conversion omitting the guarantee clause in its Memorandum of Association and altering the Articles of Association to provide for the articles as are applicable for a company limited by shares.

(4) A copy of the special resolution shall be filed with the Registrar of Companies in Form no. MGT-14 within thirty days from the date of passing of the same along with fee as prescribed in the Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Rules, 2014.

(5) An application in Form No. INC-27 shall be filed with the Registrar of Companies within thirty days from date of the passing of the special resolution enclosing the altered Memorandum of Association and altered Articles of Association and a list of members with the number of shares held aggregating to a minimum paid up capital which is equivalent to the amount of guarantee hither to provided by its members.

(6) The Registrar of Companies shall take a decision on the application filed under these rules within thirty days from the date of receipt of application complete in all respects and upon approval of Form No. INC-27, the company shall be issued with a certificate of incorporation in Form No. INC-11B.]

[1] Substituted for “having paid up share capital of fifty lakhs rupees or less or average annual turnover during the relevant period” by the Companies (Incorporation) Amendment Rules 2015 vide Notification F. No. 01/13/2013 CL-V (Part-I) dates 1st May, 2015.

[2] Inserted  by the Companies (Incorporation) Third Amendment Rules 2016 vide Notification 743(E) dated 27th July 2016.

[3] Inserted by the Companies (Incorporation) fourth Amendment Rules, 2016, vide Notification No. G.S.R. 936(E) dated 1st October, 2016 effective from 1st November 2016

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