SECTION 42. OFFER OR INVITATION FOR SUBSCRIPTION OF SECURITIES ON PRIVATE PLACEMENT
[Effective from 1st April, 2014]
(1) Without prejudice to the provisions of section 26, a company may, subject to the provisions of this section, make private placement through issue of a private placement offer letter.
(2) Subject to sub-section (1), the offer of securities or invitation to subscribe securities, shall be made to such number of persons not exceeding fifty or such higher number as may be prescribed, [excluding qualified institutional buyers and employees of the company being offered securities under a scheme of employees stock option as per provisions of clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 62], in a financial year and on such conditions (including the form and manner of private placement) as may be prescribed.
Explanation I.—If a company, listed or unlisted, makes an offer to allot or invites subscription, or allots, or enters into an agreement to allot, securities to more than the prescribed number of persons, whether the payment for the securities has been received or not or whether the company intends to list its securities or not on any recognised stock exchange in or outside India, the same shall be deemed to be an offer to the public and shall accordingly be governed by the provisions of Part I of this Chapter.
Explanation II.—For the purposes of this section, the expression—
(i) qualified institutional buyer” means the qualified institutional buyer as defined in the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2009 as amended from time to time.
(ii) private placement” means any offer of securities or invitation to subscribe securities to a select group of persons by a company (other than by way of public offer) through issue of a private placement offer letter and which satisfies the conditions specified in this section.
(3) No fresh offer or invitation under this section shall be made unless the allotments with respect to any offer or invitation made earlier have been completed or that offer or invitation has been withdrawn or abandoned by the company.
In case of a Specified IFSC private company Sub-section (3) shall not apply vide Notification no. G.S.R. 9(E).dated 04th January, 2017.
In case of a Specified IFSC public company Sub-section (3) shall not apply vide Notification no. G.S.R. 08(E).dated 04th January, 2017.
(4) Any offer or invitation not in compliance with the provisions of this section shall be treated as a public offer and all provisions of this Act, and the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 (42 of 1956) and the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992) shall be required to be complied with.
(5) All monies payable towards subscription of securities under this section shall be paid through cheque or demand draft or other banking channels but not by cash.
(6) A company making an offer or invitation under this section shall allot its securities within sixty days from the date of receipt of the application money for such securities and if the company is not able to allot the securities within that period, it shall repay the application money to the subscribers within fifteen days from the date of completion of sixty days and if the company fails to repay the application money within the aforesaid period, it shall be liable to repay that money with interest at the rate of twelve per cent. per annum from the expiry of the sixtieth day:
Provided that monies received on application under this section shall be kept in a separate bank account in a scheduled bank and shall not be utilised for any purpose other than—
(a) for adjustment against allotment of securities; or
(b) for the repayment of monies where the company is unable to allot securities.
In case of a Specified IFSC private company for the words “sixty days” the words “ninety day” shall be read vide Notification no. G.S.R. 9(E).dated 04th January, 2017
In case of a Specified IFSC public company for the words “sixty days” the words “ninety day” shall be read vide Notification no. G.S.R. 08(E).dated 04th January, 2017
(7) All offers covered under this section shall be made only to such persons whose names are recorded by the company prior to the invitation to subscribe, and that such persons shall receive the offer by name, and that a complete record of such offers shall be kept by the company in such manner as may be prescribed and complete information about such offer shall be filed with the Registrar within a period of thirty days of circulation of relevant private placement offer letter.
In case of a Specified IFSC private company Sub-section (7) shall not apply vide Notification no. G.S.R. 9(E).dated 04th January, 2017.
In case of a Specified IFSC public company Sub-section (7) shall not apply vide Notification no. G.S.R. 08(E).dated 04th January, 2017.
(8) No company offering securities under this section shall release any public advertisements or utilise any media, marketing or distribution channels or agents to inform the public at large about such an offer.
(9) Whenever a company makes any allotment of securities under this section, it shall file with the Registrar a return of allotment in such manner as may be prescribed, including the complete list of all security-holders, with their full names, addresses, number of securities allotted and such other relevant information as may be prescribed.
(10) If a company makes an offer or accepts monies in contravention of this section, the company, its promoters and directors shall be liable for a penalty which may extend to the amount involved in the offer or invitation or two crore rupees, whichever is higher, and the company shall also refund all monies to subscribers within a period of thirty days of the order imposing the penalty.
Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Rules, 2014 [Effective from 1st April, 2014]
Rule 14. Private Placement.—(1)(a) For the purposes of sub-section (1) of section 42, a company may make an offer or invitation to subscribe to securities through issue of a private placement offer letter in Form PAS-4.
(b) A private placement offer letter shall be accompanied by an application form serially numbered and addressed specifically to the person to whom the offer is made and shall be sent to him, either in writing or in electronic mode, within thirty days of recording the names of such persons in accordance with sub-section (7) of section 42:
Provided that no person other than the person so addressed in the application form shall be allowed to apply through such application form and any application not conforming to this condition shall be treated as invalid.
(2) A company shall not make a private placement of its securities unless—
(a) the proposed offer of securities or invitation to subscribe securities has been previously approved by the shareholders of the company, by a Special Resolution, for each of the Offers or Invitations:
Provided that in the explanatory statement annexed to the notice for the general meeting the basis or justification for the price (including premium, if any) at which the offer or invitation is being made shall be disclosed:
Provided further that in case of offer or invitation for non- convertible debentures, it shall be sufficient if the company passes a previous special resolution only once in a year for all the offers or invitation for such debentures during the year.
[Provided also that in case of an offer or invitation for non-convertible debentures referred to in the second proviso, made within a period of six months from the date of commencement of these rules, the special resolution referred to in the second proviso may be passed within the said period of six months from the date of commencement of these rules.]
(b) such offer or invitation shall be made to not more than two hundred persons in the aggregate in a financial year:
Provided that any offer or invitation made to qualified institutional buyers, or to employees of the company under a scheme of employees stock option as per provisions of clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 62 shall not be considered while calculating the limit of two hundred persons;
Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-rule, it is hereby clarified that—
(i) the restrictions under sub-clause (b) would be reckoned individually for each kind of security that is equity share, preference share or debenture;
(c) the value of such offer or invitation per person shall be with an investment size of not less than twenty thousand rupees of face value of the securities;
(d) the payment to be made for subscription to securities shall be made from the bank account of the person subscribing to such securities and the company shall keep the record of the Bank account from where such payments for subscriptions have been received:
Provided that monies payable on subscription to securities to be held by joint holders shall be paid from the bank account of the person whose name appears first in the application.
(3) The company shall maintain a complete record of private placement offers in Form PAS-5:
Provided that a copy of such record along with the private placement offer letter in Form PAS-4 shall be filed with the Registrar with fee as provided in Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Rules, 2014 and where the company is listed, with the Securities and Exchange Board within a period of thirty days of circulation of the private placement offer letter.
Explanation.—For the purpose of this rule, it is hereby clarified that the date of private placement offer letter shall be deemed to be the date of circulation of private placement offer letter.
(4) A return of allotment of securities under section 42 shall be filed with the Registrar within thirty days of allotment in Form PAS-3 and with the fee as provided in the Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Rules, 2014 along with a complete list of all security holders containing—
(i) the full name, address, Permanent Account Number and E- mail ID of such security holder;
(ii) the class of security held;
(iii) the date of allotment of security;
(iv) the number of securities held, nominal value and amount paid on such securities; and particulars of consideration received if the securities were issued for consideration other than cash.
(5) The provisions of clauses (b) and (c) of sub-rule (2) shall not be applicable to—
(a) non-banking financial companies which are registered with the Reserve Bank of India under Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934; and
(b) housing finance companies which are registered with the National Housing Bank under National Housing Bank Act, 1987, if they are complying with regulations made by Reserve Bank of India or National Housing Bank in respect of offer or invitation to be issued on private placement basis:
Provided that such companies shall comply with sub-clauses (b) and (c) of sub-rule (2) in case the Reserve Bank of India or the National Housing Bank have not specified similar regulations.
Issue of Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds (FCCBs) and Foreign Currency Bonds (FCBs) – Clarification regarding applicability of provisions of Chapter III of the Companies Act, 2013.
General Circular No. 43/2014 dated 13-11-2014
The Ministry has been receiving references from stakeholders seeking clarity on applicability of provisions of Chapter III of the Companies Act, 2013 (Act) to the issue of Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds (FCCBs) and Foreign Currency Bonds (FCBs) by Indian companies exclusively to persons resident outside India in accordance with applicable sectoral regulatory provisions.
- The matter has been examined in the Ministry in consultation with Ministry of Finance and SEBI. The issue of FCCBs and FCBs by companies is regulated by the Ministry of Finance’s regulations contained in Issue of Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds and Ordinary Shares (Through Depository Receipts Mechanism) Scheme, 1993 (Scheme) and Reserve Bank of India through its various directions/regulations. It is, accordingly, clarified that unless otherwise provided in the said Scheme or the directions/regulations issued by Reserve Bank of India, provisions of Chapter III of the Act shall not apply to an issue of a FCCB or FCB made exclusively to persons resident outside India in accordance with the above mentioned regulations.
 Inserted by Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Amendment Rules, 2014 vide Notification No. G.S.R.424(E) dated 30.06.2014.