Section 46 of Companies Act, 2013 – Certificate of Shares

  • Updated Till : March 22, 2017

SECTION 46. CERTIFICATE OF SHARES

[Effective from 1st April, 2014]

(1) A certificate, [1][issued under the common seal, if any, of the company or signed by two directors or by a director and the Company Secretary, wherever the company has appointed a Company Secretary], specifying the shares held by any person, shall be prima facie evidence of the title of the person to such shares.

(2) A duplicate certificate of shares may be issued, if such certificate—

(a) is proved to have been lost or destroyed; or

(b) has been defaced, mutilated or torn and is surrendered to the company.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in the articles of a company, the manner of issue of a certificate of shares or the duplicate thereof, the form of such certificate, the particulars to be entered in the register of members and other matters shall be such as may be prescribed.

(4) Where a share is held in depository form, the record of the depository is the prima facie evidence of the interest of the beneficial owner.

(5) If a company with intent to defraud issues a duplicate certificate of shares, the company shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than five times the face value of the shares involved in the issue of the duplicate certificate but which may extend to ten times the face value of such shares or rupees ten crores whichever is higher and every officer of the company who is in default shall be liable for action under section 447.

Applicable Rules

Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014

[Effective from 1st April, 2014]

Rule 5. Certificate of shares (where shares are not in demat form).—(1) Where a company issues any share capital, no certificate of any share or shares held in the company shall be issued, except—

(a) in pursuance of a resolution passed by the Board; and

(b) on surrender to the company of the letter of allotment or fractional coupons of requisite value, save in cases of issues against letters of acceptance or of renunciation, or in cases of issue of bonus shares:

Provided that if the letter of allotment is lost or destroyed, the Board may impose such reasonable terms, if any, as to seek supporting evidence and indemnity and the payment of out-of- pocket expenses incurred by the company in investigating evidence, as it may think fit.

(2) Every certificate of share or shares shall be in Form No. SH.1 or as near thereto as possible and shall specify the name(s) of the person(s) in whose favor the certificate is issued, the shares to which it relates and the amount paid-up thereon.

(3) Every share certificate shall be issued under the seal, if any, of the company[2], which shall be affixed in the presence of, and signed by

(a) two directors duly authorized by the Board of Directors of the company for the purpose or the committee of the Board, if so authorized by the Board; and

[3][(b) the secretary or any person authorised by the Board for the purpose:

Provided that in case a company does not have a common seal, the share certificate shall be signed by two directors or by a director and the Company Secretary, wherever the company has appointed a Company Secretary:

Provided further that, if the composition of the Board permits of it, at least one of the aforesaid two directors shall be a person other than a managing director or a whole-time director:

Provided also that, in case of a One Person Company, every share certificate shall be issued under the seal, if any, of the company, which shall be affixed in the presence of and signed by one director or a person authorised by the Board of Directors of the company for the purpose and the Company Secretary, or any other person authorised by the Board for the purpose, and in case the One Person Company does not have a common seal, the share certificate shall be signed by the persons in the presence of whom the seal is required to be affixed in this proviso]

Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-rule, a director shall be deemed to have signed the share certificate if his signature is printed thereon as a facsimile signature by means of any machine, equipment or other mechanical means such as engraving in metal or lithography, or digitally signed, but not by means of a rubber stamp, provided that the director shall be personally responsible for permitting the affixation of his signature thus and the safe custody of any machine, equipment or other material used for the purpose.

(4) The particulars of every share certificate issued in accordance with sub-rule (1) shall be entered in the Register of Members maintained in accordance with the provisions of section 88 along with the name(s) of person(s) to whom it has been issued, indicating the date of issue.

Rule 6. Issue of renewed or duplicate share certificate.—(1) The certificate of any share or shares shall not be issued either in exchange for those which are sub-divided or consolidated or in replacement of those which are defaced, mutilated, torn or old, decrepit, worn out, or where the pages on the reverse for recording transfers have been duly utilised, unless the certificate in lieu of which it is issued is surrendered to the company:

Provided that the company may charge such fee as the Board thinks fit, not exceeding fifty rupees per certificate issued on splitting or consolidation of share certificate(s) or in replacement of share certificate(s) that are defaced, mutilated, torn or old, decrepit or worn out:

(b) Where a certificate is issued in any of the circumstances specified in this sub-rule, it shall be stated on the face of it and be recorded in the Register maintained for the purpose, that it is “Issued in lieu of share certificate No….. sub-divided/ replaced/on consolidation” and also that no fee shall be payable pursuant to scheme of arrangement sanctioned by the High Court or Central Government:

(c) A company may replace all the existing certificates by new certificates upon sub-division or consolidation of shares or merger or demerger or any reconstitution without requiring old certificates to be surrendered subject to compliance with clause (a) of sub-rule (1) rule 5, sub-rule (2) of rule 5 and sub-rule (3) of rule 5.

(2)(a) The duplicate share certificate shall be not issued in lieu of those that are lost or destroyed, without the prior consent of the Board and without payment of such fees as the Board thinks fit, not exceeding rupees fifty per certificate and on such reasonable terms, such as furnishing supporting evidence and indemnity and the payment of out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the company in investigating the evidence produced:

(b) Where a certificate is issued in any of the circumstances specified in this sub-rule, it shall be stated prominently on the face of it and be recorded in the Register maintained for the purpose, that it is “duplicate issued in lieu of share certificate No.…..”. and the word “duplicate” shall be stamped or printed prominently on the face of the share certificate:

(c) In case unlisted companies, the duplicate share certificates shall be issued within a period of three months and in case of listed companies such certificate shall be issued [4] [within forty five days], from the date of submission of complete documents with the company respectively.

(3)(a) The particulars of every share certificate issued in accordance with sub-rules (1) and (2) shall be entered forthwith in a Register of Renewed and Duplicate Share Certificates maintained in Form No. SH.2 indicating against the name(s) of the person(s) to whom the certificate is issued, the number and date of issue of the share certificate in lieu of which the new certificate is issued, and the necessary changes indicated in the Register of Members by suitable cross-references in the “Remarks” column.

(b) The register shall be kept at the registered office of the company or at such other place where the Register of Members is kept and it shall be preserved permanently and shall be kept in the custody of the company secretary of the company or any other person authorized by the Board for the purpose.

(c) All entries made in the Register of Renewed and Duplicate Share Certificates shall be authenticated by the company secretary or such other person as may be authorised by the Board for the purposes of sealing and signing the share certificate under the provisions of sub-rule (3) of rule 5.

Rule 7. Maintenance of share certificate forms and related books and documents.— (1) All blank forms to be used for issue of share certificates shall be printed and the printing shall be done only on the authority of a resolution of the Board and the blank form shall be consecutively machine-numbered and the forms and the blocks, engravings, facsimiles and hues relating to the printing of such forms shall be kept in the custody of the secretary or such other person as the Board may authorise for the purpose; and the company secretary or other person aforesaid shall be responsible for rendering an account of these forms to the Board.

(2) The following persons shall be responsible for the maintenance, preservation and safe custody of all books and documents relating to the issue of share certificates, including the blank forms of share certificates referred to in sub-rule (1), namely:—

(a) the committee of the Board, if so authorized by the Board or where the company has a company secretary, the company secretary; or

(b) where the company has no company secretary, a Director specifically authorised by the Board for such purpose.

(3) All books referred to in sub-rule (2) shall be preserved in good order not less than thirty years and in case of disputed cases, shall be preserved permanently, and all certificates surrendered to a company shall immediately be defaced by stamping or printing the word “cancelled” in bold letters and may be destroyed after the expiry of three years from the date on which they are surrendered, under the authority of a resolution of the Board and in the presence of a person duly appointed by the Board in this behalf:

Provided that nothing in this sub-rule shall apply to cancellation of the certificates of securities, under sub-section (2) of section 6 of the Depositories Act, 1996 (22 of 1996), when such certificates are cancelled in accordance with sub-regulation (5) of regulation 54 of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Depositories and Participants) Regulations, 1996, made under section 30 of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992) read with section 25 of the Depositories Act, 1996 (22 of 1996).

Applicable Circulars

Clarifications on Rules prescribed under the Companies Act, 2013 –

Matters relating to share capital and debentures

Circular No. 19/2014 dated 12.06.2014

Government has received representations from Industry Chambers, Professional Institutes and other stakeholders seeking clarifications on matters relating to ‘share capital and debentures’ under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (Act) read with relevant rules, which have come into force with effect from 1st April, 2014. The representations have been examined and clarifications on the following points are hereby given:-

(ii) Delegation of powers by board under rule 6(2)(a): Clarification has been sought whether the powers of the Board provided under rule 6(2)(a) of Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014 with regard to issue of duplicate share certificates can be exercised by a Committee of Directors.

The matter has been examined in light of the relevant provisions of the Act, particularly sections 179 & 180 and regulation 71 of Table “F” of Schedule I and it is clarified that a committee of directors may exercise such powers, subject to any regulations imposed by the Board in this regard.

[1] Substituted for “issued under the common seal of the company” by the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2015 vide Notification F. No. 1/6/2015-CL.V dated 29th May, 2015.

[2] Substituted for “issued under the seal of the company” by the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Second Amendment Rules, 2015 vide Notification No. F. No. 1/13/2013-CL. V dated 29th May 2015.

[3]Substituted by Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Second Amendment Rules, 2015 vide notification no. F No. 1/4/2013 CL-V dated 29th May, 2015. Prior to the substitution it read as under:

“(b) the secretary or any person authorised by the Board for the purpose:

Provided that, in companies wherein a Company Secretary is appointed under the provisions of the Act, he shall deemed to be authorised for the purpose of this rule:

Provided further that, if the composition of the Board permits of it, at least one of the aforesaid two directors shall be a person other than the managing or whole-time director:

Provided further that, in case of a One Person Company, every share certificate shall be issued under the seal of the company, which shall be affixed in the presence of and signed by one director or a person authorized by the Board of Directors of the company for the purpose and the Company Secretary, or any other person authorized by the Board for the purpose.”

[4] Substituted for “within fifteen days” by Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Amendment Rules, 2015 vide Notification No. GSR 210 (E) dated 18th March, 2015.

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