SECTION 77. DUTY TO REGISTER CHARGES, ETC.
[Effective from 1st April, 2014]
(1) It shall be the duty of every company creating a charge within or outside India, on its property or assets or any of its undertakings, whether tangible or otherwise, and situated in or outside India, to register the particulars of the charge signed by the company and the charge-holder together with the instruments, if any, creating such charge in such form, on payment of such fees and in such manner as may be prescribed, with the Registrar within thirty days of its creation:
Provided that the Registrar may, on an application by the company, allow such registration to be made within a period of three hundred days of such creation on payment of such additional fees as may be prescribed:
Provided further that if registration is not made within a period of three hundred days of such creation, the company shall seek extension of time in accordance with section 87:
Provided also that any subsequent registration of a charge shall not prejudice any right acquired in respect of any property before the charge is actually registered.
 [Provided also that this section shall not apply to such charges as may be prescribed in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India.]
(2) Where a charge is registered with the Registrar under sub-section (1), he shall issue a certificate of registration of such charge in such form and in such manner as may be prescribed to the company and, as the case may be, to the person in whose favour the charge is created.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, no charge created by a company shall be taken into account by the liquidator  [appointed under this Act or the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016, as the case may be,]or any other creditor unless it is duly registered under sub-section (1) and a certificate of registration of such charge is given by the Registrar under sub-section (2).
(4) Nothing in sub-section (3) shall prejudice any contract or obligation for the repayment of the money secured by a charge.
Companies (Registration of Charges) Rules, 2014
[Effective from 1st April, 2014]
Rule 2. Definitions.—(1) In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires,—
(a) “Act” means the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013);
(b) “Annexure” means the Annexure appended to these rules;
(c) “Fees” means the fees as specified in the Companies (Registration offices and fees) Rules, 2014;
(d) “Form” or “eforms” means form set forth in Annexure to these rules which shall be used for the matter to which it relates;
(e) “Regional Director” means the person appointed by the Central Government in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs as a Regional ‘Director;
(f) “section” means the section of the Act.
(2) Words and expressions used in these rules but not defined and defined in the Act or in Companies (Specification of definitions details) Rules, 2014 shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in the Act and said rules.
Rule 3. Registration of creation or modification of charge.—(1) For registration of charge as provided in sub-section (1) of section 77, section 78 and section 79, the particulars of the charge together with a copy of the instrument, if any, creating or modifying the charge in Form No. CHG-1 (for other than Debentures) or Form No. CHG-9 (for debentures including rectification), as the case may be, duly signed by the company and the charge holder and filed with the Registrar within a period of thirty days of the date of creation or modification of charge along with the fee.
(2) If the particulars of a charge are not filed within the aforesaid period, but filed within a period of three hundred days of the date of such creation or modification, the additional fee shall be levied.
(3) If the company fails to register the particulars of the charge with the Registrar within the period of thirty days of its creation or modification, the particulars of the charge together with a copy of the instrument, if any, creating or modifying such charge may be filed by the charge-holder, in Form No. CHG-1 or Form No. CHG-9, as the case may be, duly signed along with fee.
(4) A copy of every instrument evidencing any creation or modification of charge and required to be filed with the Registrar in pursuance of section 77, 78 or 79 shall be verified as follows—
(a) where the instrument or deed relates solely to the property situated outside India, the copy shall be verified by a certificate issued either [under the seal, if any, of the company], or under the hand of any director or company secretary of the company or an authorised officer of the charge holder or under the hand of some person other than the company who is interested in the mortgage or charge;
(b) where the instrument or deed relates, whether wholly or partly, to the property situated in India, the copy shall be verified by a certificate issued under the hand of any director or company secretary of the company or an authorised officer of the charge holder.
Rule 4. Condonation of delay by Registrar.—(1) The Registrar may, on being satisfied that the company had sufficient cause for not filing the particulars and instrument of charge, if any, within a period of thirty days of the date of creation of the charge, allow the registration of the same after thirty days but within a period of three hundred days of the date of such creation of charge or modification of charge on payment of additional fee.
(2) The application for delay shall be made in Form No. CHG-1 and supported by a declaration from the company signed by its secretary or director that such belated filing shall not adversely affect rights of any other intervening creditors of the company.
Rule 6. Certificate of registration.—(1) Where a charge is registered with the Registrar under sub-section (1) of section 77 or section 78, he shall issue a certificate of registration of such charge in Form No. CHG-2
(2) Where the particulars of modification of charge is registered under section 79, the Registrar shall issue a certificate of modification of charge in Form No. CHG-3
(3) The certificate issued by the Registrar under sub-rule (1) and sub-rule (2) shall be conclusive evidence that the requirements of Chapter VI of the Act and the rules made thereunder as to registration of creation or modification of charge, as the case may be, have been complied with.
 Substituted for “under the seal of the company” by the Companies (Registration of Charges) Amendment Rules, 2015 vide Notification F No. 1/10/ 2013-CL-V dated 29th May, 2015
 Inserted by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016,(31 of 2016), S. 255 & Eleventh Schedule.
 Inserted by the Companies (Amendment) Act 2017 vide Notification No. S.O. 1833(E) dated 7th May, 2018.